Raphael E JannuzziUnit: 17 Engr Bn 2nd Armd Div, Company Unknown Rank: 2nd LieutenantBorn: 04/15/1913
Location grave 2nd Lieutenant Raphael E Jannuzzi at the Long Island National Cemetery, Suffolk County, New York :
Where was 2nd Lieutenant Raphael E Jannuzzi killed in action?
Phase: Normandy Campaign – France
The Allied operations in France were planned and executed in three phases. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower wanted to establish a beachhead on the continent, build up the forces and then break through into the Brittany-Normandy area. The final step was to be a pursuit on a broad front. The major emphasis was placed on the left flank, while the right joined Allied forces moving northward from southern France. The 2d Armored Division, the first armored division to land on the continent, was to have a major role in executing all parts of this plan. The combat commands were structured so that maximum firepower could be brought quickly ashore. Genneral Maurice Rose’s Combat Command A had the 66th Armored Regiment as the basis of its command. In addition Rose had the 82d Reconnaissance Battalion, two battalions of the 41st Armored Infantry, the 14th and 92d Armored Artillery Battalions, battalion headquarters and Company A of the 17th Armored Engineer Battalion, Company A of the Maintenance Battalion, Company A, 48th Medical Battalion, and a detachment of the Supply Battalion.
Combat Command B, led by Colonel I.D. White, was a smaller force destined to land after Combat Command A. It consisted of the 67th Armored Regimet, the 78th Armored Artillery Battalion, one battalion (if the he Infantry. Companies B and E of the 17th Engineer Battalion, ComPany B of the 48th Medical Battalion. Company B of the Maintenance Battalion and a detachment of the Supply Battalion. Division head-quarters controlled the remainder of the division and two important attachments: the 195th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion and the 702d Tank Destroyer Battalion.
The Allies began to build up supplies and troops for the breakout and for carrying the fight to the Nazis. The division’s tank and infantry regiments and reconnaissance battalions sent patrols to make contact via) the enemy and if possible to capture some prisoners.
On June 12, after being ashore for five days, V Corps reported that even though they had encountered no tanks, the reconnaissance battalion of the German I 7th SS Panzer Division was fighting on their front. Almost simultaneously with the initial landings, the 2nd Armored was called on to assist some of the landing forces. V Corps called for two armored infantry companies to be sent to the 29th Infantry Division to secure the bridgehead near Auxilie sur Mer.
The Germans attacked the 101st Airborne, which had few, if any, heavy weapons to stop a tank attack. General Bradley ordered the 2d Armored Division to send a task force of one tank battalion and one infantry battalion to secure the bridgehead at Isigny. Protected by fire from three American battleships, the USS Texas, Arkansas and Nevada, patrols began scouting the route. Before the troops could be committed to action, their mission was changed and they were sent to support the 101st Airborne.
The attack of the 2d Armored Division was in the bocage, or hedgerow, country. It was the only type of action for which the division had not trained at Fort Benning, during the maneuvers or in North Africa and Sicily. The countryside was dotted with small fields surrounded by thick hedgerows, sunken roads and many intersections. It was premium defensive country, placing an added burden on the attacker. The 17th Engineers Tandozers were being used to penetrate the hedgerows. Colonel Rose sent his reconnaissance forces to scout the route to Carentan. They encountered elements of the German 12th SS Panzer Division and a few Tiger tanks. General Collier and the lead elements of Combat Command A raced into Carentan, joined with the 101st Airborne Division and assaulted the German 17th SS Panzer Division.
For their part the 2nd Armored Division, particularly Combat Command A, earned the grudging respect of German army and political leaders, who nicknamed the division, “Roosevelt’s Butchers,” a name which the division gladly accepted. Bradley ordered the tankers, Combat Command A, to push a vigorous reconnaissance toward Periers. The mission was given to the Reconnaissance Company, 66th Armor, one tank company and one infantry company, supported by the 14th Armored Artillery Battalion. The force quickly ran into heavy machine gun, small arms and antitank fire. The remainder of the 3d Battalion, 41st Armored Infantry, and the 1st Battalion, 66th Armor, advanced to aid the reconnaissance force.
(Source 2nd Armored Unit Division History, Hell on Wheels 1977.)
16 – 17 June 1944
No change in Battalion CP. Capt Sampson evacuated because of malaria. Battalion engaged in general engineer work and reconnaissance. One 2nd Lt., 1 Sgt., 1 Pvt., killed by enemy MG while on reconnaissance. Another waterpoint opened. One truck, 1/4T 4×4 lost through enemy action.
Read more about this periode in the Afer Action reports june 12th, 1944 to june 29th 1944)
2nd Lt. Raphael E. Januzzi, Sgt. Gordon F. Walker, and Pvt Anthoney DiBartollo, of the Reconnaissance platoon, were killed 16 June when they drove into an enemy ambush near Saint-Clair-Sur Elle while making a road and bridge reconnaissance. Considerable work ot this type was being preformed during the period 18 to 30 June, and training was being carried on in breaching hedgerows and other operations.
(Source: Unit History 17th Armored Engineer Battalion)
2nd Lieutenant Raphael E Jannuzzi was assigned to the “Recon Platoon” of Company Headquarters (company unknown). They undertook a “vigorous” reconnaissance towards Periers.
Saint Clair Sur Elle was on the way to Periers, during there recontour they drove into an enemy ambush and were killed by machinegunfire. It looks like that Company A was with the Recon Company,
although we can not be sure about that for 100%.
Location where 2nd Lieutenant Raphael E Jannuzzi was killed in action
Saint Claire Sur Elle, Normandy, France
Official casualty list
Headstone Application Card
Temporary grave at Saint Laurent Sur Mer at Normandy, France
The location of the house in the year where Raphael E Jannuzzi lived un-employed with the family, as an 26-year old son:
Adress: 47-18 159th St, Flushing, NY 11358, United States
US Sensus 1940
|Event Place||Assembly District 4, Queens, New York City, Queens, New York, United States|
|Relationship to Head of Household (Original)||Son|
|Relationship to Head of Household||Son|
|Birth Year (Estimated)||1914|
|Last Place of Residence||Same Place|
|Pauline Jannuzzi||Daughter||F||35||New York|
|Joseph Jannuzzi||Son||M||29||New York|
|Raphael Jannuzzi||Son||M||26||New York|
|Clara Jannuzzi||Daughter||F||24||New York|
|Helen Jannuzzi||Daughter||F||22||New York|
|Pauline Jannuzzi||Female||35||Single||White||Daughter||New York||1905||Same Place|
|Joseph Jannuzzi||Male||29||Single||White||Son||New York||1911||Same Place|
|Raphael Jannuzzi||Male||26||Single||White||Son||New York||1914||Same Place|
|Clara Jannuzzi||Female||24||Single||White||Daughter||New York||1916||Same Place|
|Helen Jannuzzi||Female||22||Single||White||Daughter||New York||1918||Same Place|
Research © by: Martijn Brandjes
Text © by: Martijn Brandjes
Photos © by: Findagrave.com, familysearch.org