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17th Armored Engineer Battalion in World War 2

17th Engineers during World War 2

Interview Willis G. Wyatt

The story of First sergeant
Willis George Wyatt

A Company, 17th Armored Engineer Battalion


Staffsergeant Willis Wyatt can been seen in this famous photo where he is on an halftrack from A-company that leaves Omaha Beach through the ‘Le Ruquet’ Draw, Normandy,France, June 1944

17th Arrmored Engineer Battalion, halftrack A-company leaves Omaha Beach through the 'Le Ruquet' Draw, Nornandy,France, June 1944

17th Armored Engineer Battalion, halftrack A-company leaves Omaha Beach through the ‘Le Ruquet’ Draw, Normandy,France, June 1944

17th Arrmored Engineer Battalion, halftrack A-company leaves Omaha Beach through the 'Le Ruquet' Draw, Nornandy,France, June 1944

17th Armored Engineer Battalion, halftrack A-company leaves Omaha Beach through the ‘Le Ruquet’ Draw, Normandy,France, June 1944


 

 

Citation Distinguished Service Cross 

Awarded for actions during the World War II

Synopsis:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Willis G. Wyatt, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with the 17th Engineer Battalion, in action against enemy forces on 7 January 1945. Staff Sergeant Wyatt’s intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

Headquarters, Ninth U.S. Army, General Orders No. 88 (1945)

Action Date: 7-Jan-45

Service: Army

Rank: Staff Sergeant

Battalion: 17th Engineer Battalion

 

 


 

Interview with Staff Sergeant Willis G. Wyatt, A Company 17th Armored Engineer Battalion

(note: Born in Bethel, December 09, 1918)

This interview was taken by: Pat Schwabik, “the Anoka County Historical”

 

Willis Wyatt

August, 20, 1990

Pat Schwabik

 

PS: It is August.20th, 1990. My name is Pat Schwabik. I’m from the Anoka County

Historical Society. I am at the Kraus-Hartig VFW Post in Spring Lake Park

continuing with interviews on World War II.

My first interview today will be with Mr. Willis Wyatt. Hello, Willis.

WW: Hi, Pat.

PS: I guess we’ll start with your full name.

WW: Willis G. Wyatt.

PS: G?

WW: Yes.

PS: You’re not gonna tell us…?

WW: It stands for George.

PS: George. Okay.

WW: And I was inducted in the Army on March 6th, 1941. By the way, that was the

first draft in Anoka County.

PS: Oh.

WW: They had enough volunteers up until that time. My number was #42 in the

county.

When I was inducted into the Army, I was sent to Fort Benning, Georgia. I had

my basic training there with the Second Armored Division under General George

Patton.

PS: Mmm.

WW: We went on several maneuvers and stuff with Tennessee, for one; Louisiana, for

one; and then I left for overseas on October 15th, 1942. We landed in Safi, North

Africa, on November 8th in ’42. We spent the remainder – we only had a little bit

of a fight there. They give up. Most of the fighting was in Algeria and farther to

the east, I guess that is.

Anyway, when the war was over in Africa, I was sent to Sicily on July 8th. Well,

we left for Sicily on the 8th and was with the invasion troops on July 10th.

PS: And how did you get to Sicily? How was it that you went?

WW: We went by LST. LST which is landing tank transportation, do you suppose?

PS: That sounds good to me.

WW: Landing ship, tank, is what it was.

Anyway, we landed there on the 10th, and it wasn’t really a tough fight there. And

we spent until – now wait a minute – yeah, November of ’43. We left November

8th – we left for England. Arrived there the 25th of November in ’43. And we

stayed there until about three days before the invasion of Normandy. I was kind

of sick with malaria when we left, but I was still in on the Normandy Beachhead

on the sixth of June, 1944.

I was injured after the St. Lo Breakthrough. I was hit with some shrapnel, and I

was flown back to England, and they operated on me there, but they said that if

they took the shrapnel out of my leg it would be stiff for the rest of my life. So I

stayed there for a couple of weeks till it healed up, and then I was sent back to my

unit. And I stayed with them until – oh, there was 66 of us left in our original

guys that left Fort Benning, and we were eligible to send one man home on an R

& R, so they put 66 names in a hat and drew mine out.

PS: Wowee!!

(Laughter)

WW: Anyway, at that time, we were at the Albe River…

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: In Germany. And that’s where I left the outfit.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: So I was overseas for 31 months, and in the Army for four years, three months,

and 26 days. I arrived home on VE-Day, which I always said they declared a

national holiday because I come home.

(Laughter)

PS: Well, that sounds good to me.

WW: And then you’ve got a list of the medals and stuff that I…

PS: Mmmhmm. Well, we’ll go back a little bit into a little bit more – we’ll start back

with where you were born – I believe you’re an Anoka County boy from the very

beginning, is that right?

WW: Yes.

PS: You were born where in Anoka County?

WW: Bethel.

PS: And your parents were…?

WW: Mr. and Mrs. Archie Wyatt. My dad was born right next door to the farm that I

was born at.

PS: Hmm.

WW: He was the second generation of that farm, and my brother’s the third generation,

now.

PS: Okay. And so your brothers are…?

WW: Well, start with the oldest?

PS: Yes, that’d be fine.

WW: Lee, and then it was myself, then Earl, then Gordy, then Archie.

PS: Is there someone on the home farm now?

WW: Archie is on the home farm with one of his sons, Bruce.

PS: And where do you live now?

WW: I live in Blaine.

PS: You live in Blaine.

WW: I got 20 miles away from home.

PS: And you’re not farming.

WW: No.

PS: No. Can you tell us what you do do?

WW: Well, I’m retired at the time.

PS: You’re retired, but …

WW: When I got out of the service, Earl, my younger brother, and my next younger

brother, Gordy, started a business in Spring Lake Park.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: And we spent from 1946 until two years ago in a different business which wound

up with the Redi-Mix business.

PS: Uh-huh. Redi-Mix.

WW: On the corner of 85th and Central.

PS: Okay. 85th and Central. Thank you.

Do you remember exactly where you were the day that – well, December 7th, you

know, when the war broke out?

WW: Yes. You see, we were – when we were inducted in the Army, we went for a

year. So, in December, we was talking about whether – well, December 7th was

on a Sunday.

PS: Yeah.

WW: And we were talking about whether we were gonna try to go home for Christmas

or wait until our year was up and then we’d be…

PS: So at that time, you were at Fort Benning?

WW: Yes.

PS: Okay.

WW: But about noon, we got the news that we wouldn’t be going no place. Well, that

the Japs had attacked Pearl Harbor, so we went to Fort Benning and celebrated. I

don’t know why we celebrated, but we did.

PS: And how old were you at that time?

WW: Oh, I got the dates down here when I celebrated my birthdays. I must have been

23 years old then.

PS: Okay.

WW: I had this here down here. My 23rd birthday, I celebrated in Montgomery,

Alabama. 24th was in Africa, and we were at Bath. The 25th was in London,

England, and my 26th was in Paris, France.

PS: My goodness. There are not many that can make that statement.

WW: All paid for by Uncle Sam.

PS: All those parties, huh?

When you were taking your basic in Fort Benning, what was it like? Was it quite

a change in weather from Minnesota to Georgia, and everything. What was it

like?

WW: Well, you know, when I left Minnesota, we – see I was inducted in the Army, but

I didn’t leave Fort Snelling for pretty near a month. And we left by train. Well,

we were going down south where it’s warm and that. And the first stop we

stopped at was in Atlanta, Georgia, and there was about an inch of snow on the

ground. And it was cold. And I found that Georgia is one of the worst places to

spend the winter there is.

PS: Is that right?

WW: It’s cold. The temperature isn’t cold. It very seldom freezes. You know, if it

does, it’s clears up quite a ways, but the humidity or something – it’s cold down

there.

PS: Goes through you. Yeah.

WW: I suffered more from the cold there than I did at home.

PS: Maybe their buildings weren’t as ready for the winter.

WW: Well, we were outside most of the time, too, you know. And I don’t know. Of

course, we were outside all the time at home, too.

PS: And so what was your title? What rank did you achieve?

WW: Well, when I started out, I guess – well, I never did make Private First Class. I

made a T5, which was a specialist rating for driving half track tanks, and stuff.

PS: Okay. That’s what you did? That’s what your training was?

WW: That’s – well, when we were in training, I drove a half track part of the time. And

then I was made a full-fledged Corporal and then I was an Assistant Squad

Leader.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: And let’s see – just before we went overseas, I was made Sergeant. And then I

was a Squad Leader. And then when we were in – it must have been Belgium, I

was made Staff Sergeant, which was a Platoon Leader. First Sergeant – Platoon

Sergeant. And that’s as far as I went.

PS: Mmmhmm. When you first went into the service, what was your biggest

adjustment? Did you have any big adjustments that you had to make, like was it

the food, or was it living with all of these people at one time, or…?

WW: Well, I come from a big family.

PS: Yes. Okay.

(Laughter)

WW: That’s about what there was at the table there.

PS: Okay.

WW: No, I did – I think the worst of it was my $21 a month.

PS: I see. Okay. And then after basic, well, we know that you went right overseas.

And when you went to North Africa, how was it that you got to North Africa?

WW: We went by ship.

PS: By ship. Okay. Can you tells us what that was like?

WW: Terrible.

PS: Was it terrible? Did you get seasick?

WW: I didn’t, myself, but we hit a pretty bad storm and for Thanksgiving, they give us

some turkey that was out in the air too long. You see, I don’t know how many

people there were aboard ship, but there was so many that they had a steady chow

line. 24 hours a day. And you only ate twice a day.

PS: Oh, my.

WW: You ate your breakfast. Twelve hours later, you got your dinner. And it didn’t

make any difference, you know, what time …

PS That was.

WW: I kind of lucked out. My breakfast was nine in the morning, and dinner was nine

in the evening. But when this storm was up, and everybody was sick, well, you

couldn’t hardly get to the mess hall.

(Laughter)

PS: I’m sure. Now what did you do with these 12 hours in between chows?

WW: Well, they tried to get you so you’d get a little exercise and stuff like that, but

let’s see, we were down about three decks, and we got plenty of exercise climbing

up the ladder to get up for – there were certain times of the day you could go up

there, otherwise, you stayed down.

PS: Were there any other fellows from Anoka County that were with you in any of

this?

WW: Nobody from Anoka County. In fact, there was – I was inducted with – or sent to

Fort Benning with two fellows from Minneapolis, but then they went different

ways, so…

PS: Okay.

WW: I was the only one from – let’s see. No, I had one other fellow from Minnesota in

the company that I was in.

PS: And your company was what, again?

WW: Company A of the 17th Armored Engineers, Second Armored Division.

PS: Do you remember any special buddies, or where they were from? Are you

staying in contact with any of them?

WW: Oh, yes. In fact, I got married while I was in the service – before I went overseas.

PS: Okay. Now, did you marry a local girl?

WW: Oh, yeah.

PS: And could you tell us who this might be, please?

WW: That was Minnie Cooper, which was also from Bethel. Cooper’s Corner.

PS: Yes. Been there. And so you were married when? I’m putting you on the spot.

When was that wedding anniversary, now?

WW: May 3rd, ‘42

PS: That was very good, and that was fast.

(Laughter)

She’d be proud.

WW: Anyway, the fellow that stood up with us, we keep in contact with them, and we

see them every year at the reunion. He’s been up here, and we’ve been to his

place several times.

PS: Mmmhmm. And where was he from?

WW: Tennessee.

PS: Tennessee.

WW: He was from, at the time, Memphis, Tennessee, but he lives in Brighton,

Tennessee, now.

PS: And where were you married? Here?

WW: Phoenix City, Alabama.

(Laughter)

PS: Phoenix City, Alabama. Minnie came down to Alabama.

WW: Yes.

PS: Uh-huh. I see. And now you mentioned a reunion that you have. What reunion

is this?

WW: That is the reunion of the fellows that were in my company.

PS: Okay. And do they always have this reunion in the same place?

WW: No. We’ve had it – well, we didn’t start having it until ’75, I think, was the first

one we’ve had, and we’ve had one every year since. And we have got in contact

with about 80 people that were in the company. The company, at full strength,

was about 140.

PS: That’s good.

WW: The most we’ve ever had to a reunion was, I think, 40. But we have that every

year now, and …

PS: You wouldn’t miss it.

WW: I wouldn’t miss it for nothin’.

PS: Good. Well, that’s good to hear. Now, I have down – one of my questions is, did

you win any medals? And I know there were some medals. Can you tell me a

little bit about the medals?

WW: Well, I always said if you were in the right place at the right time, you’d get a

medal.

PS: I see. Okay.

WW: I was at the right place a couple of times, so I got one.

PS: Okay. Tell us a little bit about it.

WW: Well, I think the citations kind of speak for themselves.

PS: Okay.

WW: It’d take too long and drawed out to …I lost the one for the Purple Heart.

PS: You have a Bronze Star Medal for Heroic Achievement.

WW: Mmmhmm. And then I had a Distinguished Service Cross.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: And then I got a medal from the British. We were right along side of the British

Army when during the Battle of the Bulge. And that is through the same deal that

I got the Distinguished Service Cross on.

PS: Mmmhmm. And you mentioned a Purple Heart. Can you tell us a little bit about

the Purple Heart. Where were you?

WW: We were about 40 miles from Paris. It was right after what was known to us over

there as the St. Lo Breakthrough, and we’d gone out and set up a road block and

the Germans starting shelling it, and I got hit in the leg.

PS: Oh.

WW: So, I guess I covered that in here.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: I went back to the hospital, and they couldn’t take it out, so – and that was kind of

an odd deal. It had stayed in my leg until about five years ago, and it started to

get bigger. Then I went to the doctor, and they said, “Well, we’ve gotta take it

out.” And it didn’t really make my leg stiff, but it made it so noticeable when I do

certain exercises and stuff like that. But after – it was about 39 years it had been

there, and then it started to grow. And you should have seen the mess of stuff that

come out of there.

PS: Is that right?

WW: And the doctor says he has no idea how that could have happened.

PS: How it could be there that long…

WW: Yeah.

PS: And not cause you a problem. What, to you, is the hardest part of serving in the

military?

WW: Oh, I don’t know. I guess you kind of roll with the punches. I kind of more or

less made up my mind I had to do what they wanted you to do, and do the best

you could. I didn’t really have no big problems as far as…

PS: Now, what was the best part – if there was a best part of serving in the service,

what would it be?

WW: I think when I left to come home.

(Laughter)

PS: You’re not the first one to tell me that.

WW: We had some good times, though. Like I said, I celebrated my birthday in

different…

PS: Countries.

WW: Countries. And the First Sergeant, of course the first year we celebrated together,

he was just a Squad Leader, and then he got to be a First Sergeant, but his

birthday was the 3rd of December; mine was the 9th. And he was two years

younger than me. But anyway, we celebrated our birthdays together in those

places.

PS: Sure. Well, that’s very special. Are you still in contact with him? Is one of the

people…?

WW: No, he passed away.

PS: He passed away. Okay.

When you came home, when you were discharged, and that date again was – what

was it?

WW: I got discharged. You see, I come home on an R & R.

PS: Oh, that’s right.

WW: I got here the 8th of May, and I went back for my discharge, and I got that the first

day of July.

PS: Then what did you do?

WW: By the time I got a discharge, I was already working.

PS: You were working. Where were you working?

WW: I was working for J.W. Craig Road Contractors.

PS: Uh-huh.

WW: And so I worked for him for the rest of ’45 and the summer of ’46.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: Then in the fall of ’46, we started our own business.

PS: Mmmhmm. Looking back through the past nearly 50 years, do you think that the

years in the military had a long term effect on your life? Had you not served, do

you think you’d have lived your life differently?

WW: I don’t think it’d been much different. We – my brother and I had decided that we

were gonna buy that land before we went in the service.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: In fact, he bought it after I went in the service, and out of my $21, I had to pay $5

for the land.

(Laughter)

PS: I see. That cut it down a little, didn’t it?

WW: Well, it made you a little short.

PS: Yes.

WW: But anyway, I don’t think it had any effect except we probably would have gone

into business a little quicker.

PS: Mmmhmm. Now, tell me a little bit more about you and Minnie. Do you have a

family?

WW: We have two boys.

PS: And their names are?

WW: Roger and Floyd.

PS: Do they live in this area?

WW: They live in this area.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: Roger is General Manager of the Redi-Mix plant that we just sold. And Floyd is

in partners with Banka, which have Bank Alliance sales.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: And they each have a son and a daughter.

PS: Mmmhmm. You have grandchildren.

WW: Yeah, I have four grandchildren.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: And my oldest one is twenty and the youngest one is twelve.

PS: Mmmhmm. So that makes a pretty good life.

How do you feel about the recent Persian Gulf situation? Have you any thoughts

on that?

WW: Well, I think about it. I just don’t want it to turn out like another Vietnam.

PS: Mmmhmm.

WW: Well, I look at it this way. We fought for freedom, and I think we should keep it.

That’s what I think.

PS: If you had any words of wisdom or final thought that you wanted to add to this

tape for people who might be listening to it 50 years from now, what would your

words of wisdom be?

WW: (Laughter)

I really don’t know.

PS: You’re such a positive person.

WW: Things change so fast.

PS: That’s right.

WW: Well, I think 50 years from now it would be so far off base, that…

PS: Oh, I don’t know. There are certain things that I think are – you know – still kind

of basic. I just thought if there was something that you would tell your

grandchildren, for instance. You know, “Always remember…” whether it’s

honesty or “always remember your flag and your country,” or…

WW: Well, they know that right now…

PS: They know?

WW: After this flag burning stuff that’s going on, they know what I think about that.

PS: Is that right? Yeah.

WW: Well, honesty, I think, is the main part of life.

PS: Yeah.

WW: And if you are honest, you’ll get along.

PS: Well, can you think of anything else that we might add to this tape before we

conclude it?

WW: Oh, I think that’s about as much as anyone would want to listen to.

PS: Well, I’m not so sure about that.

I would like to just read this because we have plenty of tape left, so I’m just gonna

go down this little list here, and it’s “The Citation for Sergeant Willis G. Wyatt,

Corps of Engineers, 17th Armored Engineer Battalion, for heroic achievement on

the 28th of November in 1944, in Germany, in connection with military operations

against the enemy. Sergeant Wyatt with six men of his squad, led a mine clearing

party that preceded a column of tanks and infantry into the town of Barman,

Germany. The attack began at 1230 hours from a depolated position about 400

yards southwest of the town, and moved in two columns. Each column consisting

of an engineer mine-clearing party, a platoon of tanks, and a company of infantry.

When the enemy observed the coming attack, they placed heavy barrages of

artillery fire on the two avenues of approach. Sergeant Wyatt, working in the

right column, watched for opportunities to work between barrages, and kept on

with the mine clearing, although the infantry was delayed in moving forward with

the tanks, Sergeant Wyatt continued working without the infantry support thus

enabling the tanks to move into the town. Fifteen minutes after the engineers

entered the town, the infantry moved into town and took up positions as the

engineers. Sergeant Wyatt established contact with the engineers working in the

left column, and together they made a systematic clearance of the streets of the

town, completing their work by 1700 hours.

Sergeant Wyatt’s aggressive leadership and heroic achievement under fire were

an inspiration to the men working with him, and reflected great credit upon

himself and upon the military service. Entered military service from Minnesota.”

And that is signed by an E.N. Harmon, Major General, U.S. Army Commanding.

Okay. And then the Award of Distinguished Service Cross Citation

“Staff Sergeant Willis G. Wyatt, Corps of Engineers, while serving with the Army

of the United States, distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in

connection with military operations against the enemy. On January 7th, 1945, in

Belgium, Sergeant Wyatt, a Platoon Sergeant, with complete disregard of his own

personal safety, crawled from a covered position to clear an enemy mine field,

which was under direct cover of small arms and artillery fire. Sergeant Wyatt

gallantly made twelve trips to and from the mine field with German infantry 50

yards from him. Sergeant Wyatt’s courageous action in clearing the mine field

enabled his unit to continue on its mission. The extraordinary heroism and

courageous action of Sergeant Wyatt reflect great credit upon himself and are in

keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.”

And the Military Medal

“On the afternoon of the 8th of January

WW: Wait! That’s the British. They got mixed up. They got a different day there, too.

PS: Oh, is that right?

WW: Yeah. I got that after I got home.

PS: Is that right? Okay. And that has to do with the one…

WW: With the Distinguished Service, yeah.

PS: Yes. Uh-huh. And then the Honorable Discharge, which took place on July 1st,

1945.

Well, that’s a very nice record, and something you can certainly be proud of. And

I thank you very much for taking your time to tell us your story, in your words. I

appreciate it. You are a part of Anoka County’s history and, therefore, very

important to us.

WW: (Laughter)

PS: And we appreciate it. And I will see that you get your picture back. That’s a very

nice picture. And then a copy of the picture that I took of you today.

WW: Okay. That’d be nice.

PS: And if there’s anything else that you’d like to add, you have one last chance.

We’ve still got lots of tape.

WW: Well, I think that’s it.

PS: That’s it. Okay. Thank you very much.


United States World War 2 Army Enlistment Records

Uknown


U.S. Sensus 1940

 

Household
Role
Sex
Age
Birthplace
Archie B Wyatt Head M 48 Minnesota
Jessie A Wyatt Wife F 44 Minnesota
Leigh J Wyatt Son M 22 Minnesota
Willis G Wyatt Son M 21 Minnesota
Erle L Wyatt Son M 19 Minnesota
Mary E Wyatt Daughter F 16 Minnesota
Archie B Wyatt Son M 12 Minnesota
Gordon F Wyatt Son M 10 Minnesota
Willis G Wyatt US Sensuns 1940

Willis G Wyatt US Sensuns 1940, source: familysearch.org


Alabama County Marriages, 1809-1950

Name Willis G Wyatt
Gender Male
Event Type Marriage
Event Date 03 May 1942
Event Place Russell, Alabama, United States
Age 23
Birth Year (Estimated) 1919
Father’s Name Archie Wyatt
Mother’s Name Jessie Wicklander
Spouse’s Name Minnie Bae Cooper
Spouse’s Gender Female
Spouse’s Age 21
Spouse’s Birth Year (Estimated) 1921
Spouse’s Father’s Name Leland Cooper
Spouse’s Mother’s Name Amanda Bredenbert
Willis G Wyatt Marriage Record

Willis G Wyatt Marriage Record. Source: familysearch.org



Birth of the sons of Willis G. Wyatt

First son: Roger Allen Wyatt was born on 3 December 1946
Second son: Clyde Donald Wyatt

from Minnesota Birth Index
Name Clyde Donald Wyatt
Event Type Birth
Event Date 20 Mar 1949
Event Place Hennepin, Minnesota, United States
Father’s Name Willis George Wyatt
Mother’s Name Minnie Mae Cooper

Clyde Donald Wyatt would marry Andrea Lynn Thompson on July 29, 1971, in Anoka County, Minnesota. 

 



Grave Record of Willis G. Wyatt

Details

Name Willis G. Wyatt
Birth Date December 09, 1918
Death Date November 17, 2000
Age at Death 81
 

Veteran Status

Military Branch
US ARMY
Military Rank
S SGT
War(s)
World War II

Cemetery and Grave Information

Cemetery Name
Fort Snelling National Cemetery
Show Original
Cemetery Section ID 6-D
Site Number 299
Address 7601 34th Avenue, South
Minneapolis, MN 55450
Cemetery Website Fort Snelling National Cemetery
Cemetery Phone 612-726-1127

 


Research © by: Martijn Brandjes 
Text © by:  Martijn Brandjes
Photos © by: None