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Raymond V LarkinUnit: 17 Engr Bn 2nd Armd Div, Company E Rank: PrivateBorn: 01/05/1924
Location grave Private Raymond V. Larkin at the Native Cemetary Orchard Park, Erie County, New York:
Where was Private Raymond V. Larkin killed in action?
Phase: Normandy Campaign
The Allied operations in France were planned and executed in three phases. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower wanted to establish a beachhead on the continent, build up the forces and then break through into the Brittany-Normandy area. The final step was to be a pursuit on a broad front. The major emphasis was placed on the left flank, while the right joined Allied forces moving northward from southern France. The 2d Armored Division, the first armored division to land on the continent, was to have a major role in executing all parts of this plan. The combat commands were structured so that maximum firepower could be brought quickly ashore. Genneral Maurice Rose’s Combat Command A had the 66th Armored Regiment as the basis of its command. In addition Rose had the 82d Reconnaissance Battalion, two battalions of the 41st Armored Infantry, the 14th and 92d Armored Artillery Battalions, battalion headquarters and Company A of the 17th Armored Engineer Battalion, Company A of the Maintenance Battalion, Company A, 48th Medical Battalion, and a detachment of the Supply Battalion.
The Allies began to build up supplies and troops for the breakout and for carrying the fight to the Nazis. The division’s tank and infantry regiments and reconnaissance battalions sent patrols to make contact via) the enemy and if possible to capture some prisoners.
On June 12, after being ashore for five days, V Corps reported that even though they had encountered no tanks, the reconnaissance battalion of the German I 7th SS Panzer Division was fighting on their front. Almost simultaneously with the initial landings, the 2nd Armored was called on to assist some of the landing forces. V Corps called for two armored infantry companies to be sent to the 29th Infantry Division to secure the bridgehead near Auxilie sur Mer.
The Germans attacked the 101st Airborne, which had few, if any, heavy weapons to stop a tank attack. General Bradley ordered the 2d Armored Division to send a task force of one tank battalion and one infantry battalion to secure the bridgehead at Isigny. Protected by fire from three American battleships, the USS Texas, Arkansas and Nevada, patrols began scouting the route. Before the troops could be committed to action, their mission was changed and they were sent to support the 101st Airborne.
The attack of the 2d Armored Division was in the bocage, or hedgerow, country. It was the only type of action for which the division had not trained at Fort Benning, during the maneuvers or in North Africa and Sicily. The countryside was dotted with small fields surrounded by thick hedgerows, sunken roads and many intersections. It was premium defensive country, placing an added burden on the attacker. The 17th Engineers Tandozers were being used to penetrate the hedgerows. Colonel Rose sent his reconnaissance forces to scout the route to Carentan. They encountered elements of the German 12th SS Panzer Division and a few Tiger tanks. General Collier and the lead elements of Combat Command A raced into Carentan, joined with the 101st Airborne Division and assaulted the German 17th SS Panzer Division.
(Source 2nd Armored Unit Division History, Hell on Wheels 1977.)
From England, Tidworth Barracks, coming across the channel in LST’s (Landing Ship Tank) the trip was unforgettable in the vast numbers of ships of all types which composed the invasion armada and the large number of plnes flying overhead. Landing at Omaha “Red” Beach, in the vicinity of Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer, the first of the Bn. to reach France was Company ”A” on 9 june, followed by Co (Company) ”D” the next day, and Hq Co, Co, ”C”.
On 13 June Co. ”A” and a detachment of Co. ”E” supported the attack of Combat Command ”A” near Carentan. A flamethrower party was furnished 3/41, and the tank dozer was used considerable in making paths through hedgerows for tank advance. The entire company was employed in mine sweeping operations and in holding defensive positions. Enemy Artillery fire killed Pvt John Hoffman, and Francis Bonitatibus, Company ”A”, and Pvt Raymond V. Larking Co. ”E” on 15 June, the first casualties of the Bn on the continent. The force returned to the vicinity of La Mine 17 June after the very successful operation which had prevented our beach-head from being cut in half.
(source: 17th Armored Engineer Battalion Unit History)
Location where Private Raymond V. Larkin was killed in action :
Temporary grave at La Cambe, Normandy, France
Headstone Application Card Private Raymond V. Larkin
The location of the house in the year where Raymond V. Larkin lived with the family, as a 6 year old boy:
Adress: 465 E and West Road West Seneca, NY 14224 United States
US Sensus 1930
|Event Place||West Seneca, Erie, New York, United States|
|Relationship to Head of Household||Son|
|Relationship to Head of Household (Original)||Son|
|Birth Year (Estimated)||1924|
|Father’s Birthplace||New York|
|Mother’s Birthplace||New York|
|Ralph Larkin||Head||M||34||New York|
|Catherine Larkin||Wife||F||34||New York|
|Raymond Larkin||Son||M||6||New York|
|Ralph Larkin Jr.||Son||M||4||New York|
|Victor Larkin||Son||M||2||New York|
|Mary Jane Larkin||Daughter||M||0||New York|
|Ralph Larkin||Sr||Male||34||Married||White||Head||1896||New York||New York||New York|
|Catherine Larkin||Female||34||Married||White||Wife||1896||New York||New York||New York||A||21|
|Raymond Larkin||Male||6||Single||White||Son||1924||New York||New York||New York||A||21|
|Ralph Larkin Jr.||Jr||Male||4||Single||White||Son||1926||New York||New York||New York||A||21|
|Victor Larkin||Male||2||Single||White||Son||1928||New York||New York||New York||A||21|
|Mary Jane Larkin||Male||0||Single||White||Daughter||1930||New York||New York||New York||A||21|
|Name||Raymond V Larkin|
|Name (Original)||LARKIN RAYMOND V|
|Event Type||Military Service|
|Event Date||05 Jan 1942|
|Term of Enlistment||Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law|
|Event Place||Buffalo, New York, United States|
|Education Level||3 years of high school|
|Civilian Occupation||Tinsmiths, coppersmiths, and sheet metal workers|
|Marital Status||Single, without dependents|
|Army Branch||Branch Immaterial – Warrant Officers, USA|
Research © by: Martijn Brandjes
Text © by: Martijn Brandjes
Photos © by: Findagrave.com, familysearch.org